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The evolution of the mouse and Its current models

Main mouse models: The mouse is one of the most popular and widely used input devices around the world. Since its invention, the mouse has evolved in terms of design and functionality. In this article, we’ll explore the history of the mouse, its evolution, and the models currently available on the market.

The mouse was invented in 1963 by American scientist Douglas Engelbart. He was the first to conceive of the idea of using a handheld device to interact with a computer. Engelbart realized that text-based user interfaces were unsuitable for most people and therefore proposed a more intuitive input device. Which was later nicknamed the mouse due to its resemblance to the small rodent.

The first mouse consisted of a wooden box with two metal wheels at the bottom. As the user moved the mouse across the table, the wheels spun and sent electrical signals to the computer. Allowing the user to move the cursor around on the screen. In the years following its invention, the mouse went through several evolutions. In 1972, Xerox introduced the first commercially available mouse. Which used a rubber ball on the underside to control the cursor. The ball was used in a variety of mouse models until the 1990s when it was replaced by optical sensors.

In 1983, Apple released the first commercially successful mouse, the “Apple Lisa Mouse”. Which featured a one-piece design and a scroll box for easy navigation. In the late 1980s, Logitech introduced the first mouse with a scroll wheel, allowing users to navigate documents with ease.

Main mouse models

Currently, there are several mouse models available in the market. Most modern models use optical sensors instead of a rubber ball to control the cursor. Some popular models include:

  • Wired mouse: The wired mouse is the most basic mouse model available. It uses a cable to connect to the computer and is generally the cheapest model available;
  • Wireless mouse: The wireless mouse uses a Bluetooth connection or a USB receiver to connect to the computer. It is more convenient than a wired mouse as there are no wires to get in the way;
  • Ergonomic mouse: The ergonomic mouse is designed to be more comfortable for users, reducing strain on hand and wrist muscles and joints;
  • Gaming mouse: A gaming mouse is designed specifically for gamers and usually has additional buttons and high-precision sensors to improve gameplay;
  • Touchpad mouse: A touchpad mouse is a type of mouse that uses a touchpad to control the cursor. It is often found on laptops and tablets and is a convenient alternative for users who prefer not to use a separate physical mouse;
  • Vertical mouse: The vertical mouse is a variant of the ergonomic mouse designed to further reduce strain on the muscles and joints of the hand and wrist. It is used in an upright position, allowing the user to hold the mouse as if shaking a hand.


In short, a mouse is an essential tool for human interaction with computers and its evolution over the decades has resulted in more comfortable, accurate, and intuitive models. From the basic wired mouse to the highly ergonomic vertical mouse, there’s a mouse model to suit every user’s needs and preferences. With the growing popularity of mobile devices, the mouse may lose some of its relevance, but for now, it’s still an important part of the user experience on personal computers.

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